News of rapid melting of glaciers in the northern regions of Pakistan is now common. In this context, scientists in Switzerland say that the risk of flooding in the Asian mountains has tripled and the reason is that the ice deposits are melting rapidly.
Glaciers abound in Tibet, the Himalayas, and parts of the Karakoram. Because of them, this region is also called the Third Pole. The region has the largest amount of ice after the South and North Poles.
Now, Chinese and Swiss experts have warned that global warming could cause glaciers to erupt and dramatically increase water emissions. Thus, the flood situation in the mountains of these areas could triple in the next few decades. In this regard, experts from the University of Geneva have called for greater security measures and infrastructure. It should be noted that the affected areas include the politically sensitive border areas of the Himalayas and the Pamirs.
Their severity will be more pronounced in the next thirty years.
According to the report published in Nature Climate Change, the sudden eruption of the glacier will not only cause rapid flow of cold water. Instead, glaciers can carry soil and trees with them and become a major problem for roadside populations and settlements. In this way, the floods will be able to affect the next hundreds of kilometers. However, in China, India, Bhutan and Nepal, the risk of glacial lake formation and damage is very high.
The report also states that by the middle or end of this century, 13,000 glacial lakes will have formed and will continue to expand. If they form in a slope, their water will turn into a small tsunami and can cause severe damage.
There are eleven countries in the region and many environmental and climatic issues and conflicts can arise between them. In this regard, China and Nepal in particular have been mentioned. In this context, all countries have been advised to take preliminary planning and infrastructure measures.